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Ways To Manipulate Objects In JavaScript

/ Let us look at fundamental way to manipulate objects in JavaScript. There are various ways to manipulate objects, whether it's creating, accessing, modifying, or deleting properties. Here's a rundown of some common techniques

#JavaScript
#Programming
#Productivity
✍️ BroJenuel
Mar. 25, 2024. 11:10 AM

What are Objects in JavaScript?

Objects are fundamental building blocks in JavaScript. They are a way to store collections of data and functionality under a single entity. You can think of them like boxes that hold various properties, which are essentially name-value pairs. These values can be simple data types like strings or numbers, or even other objects! Objects can also have methods, which are functions that act on the object's data.

Here's a breakdown of key concepts about objects in JavaScript:

  • Properties: These are the individual pieces of data associated with the object. Each property has a key (name) and a value. For example, you could have a car object with properties like make, model, and year.

  • Methods: These are functions defined within the object that can perform actions on the object's data. For instance, a car object might have a drive method that simulates driving the car.

Here's an example of a simple JavaScript object representing a car:

const car = {
  make: "Ford",
  model: "Mustang",
  year: 1969
};

In this example, the car object has three properties:

  • make with the value "Ford"

  • model with the value "Mustang"

  • year with the value 1969

Objects are essential for creating complex data structures and modeling real-world things in your JavaScript programs. They allow you to organize code and data effectively.

Fundamental Ways to Manipulate

1. Creating Objects

Objects can be created using object literals {}, the new Object() syntax, or constructor functions.

// Using object literals
const obj = {
    name: 'John',
    age: 30
};

// Using new Object()
const obj2 = new Object();

// Using constructor functions
function Person(name, age) {
    this.name = name;
    this.age = age;
}
const person = new Person('John', 30);

2. Accessing Properties

You can access object properties using dot notation obj.property or bracket notation obj['property'].

console.log(person.name); // Output: John
console.log(person['age']); // Output: 30

3. Modifying Properties

Object properties can be modified simply by assigning new values to them.

person.age = 31;
person['age'] = 31;

4. Adding Properties

You can add new properties to an object at any time.

person.city = 'New York';
person['city'] = 'New York';

5. Deleting Properties

Use the delete keyword to remove a property from an object.

delete person.city;
delete person['city'];

6. Iterating over Object Properties

You can iterate over an object's properties using loops like for...in or Object.keys().

for (let prop in person) {
    console.log(prop + ': ' + person[prop]);
}

Object.keys(person).forEach(prop => {
    console.log(prop + ': ' + person[prop]);
});

7. Object Methods

Objects can contain methods, which are functions stored as object properties.

const car = {
    brand: 'Toyota',
    model: 'Camry',
    drive: function() {
        console.log('The ' + this.brand + ' ' + this.model + ' is driving.');
    }
};

car.drive(); // Output: The Toyota Camry is driving.

These are some fundamental ways to manipulate objects in JavaScript. Depending on your use case, there may be more advanced techniques and patterns available.


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